Father's name: Asaad
Year Of Birth: 1857
Year Of Death: 1917
Place Of Death: Jonqan
Place of death: Tehran
Sardar Asaad Khan Bakhtiari, 1857 AD - 1917 AD.
He is Ali Quli Khan Bin Hussain Quli Khan Ilkhani and his title (Sardar Asaad Khan Bakhtiari) or (Sardar Asad Khan Bakhtiari), one of the leaders of the Kurdish Bakhtiari tribe, and one of the most prominent Kurdish politicians and intellectuals during the days of the Qajar rule of eastern Kurdistan (including the Lorestan region) And those who wanted to play an indispensable role in overthrowing tyranny and establishing freedom and democracy for the peoples affiliated with the Qajar state, where he was at some point Minister of the Interior and then Minister of War in the Qajar State, and his name emerged after his confrontation and with the support of his brother (Najaf Qoli Khan - Samsam al-Sultanate) and his cousin, on the bombing of (Muhammad Ali Shah Qajar) the Qajar parliament (the People's Shura Council) in Tehran, and after his seizure of the city of Isfahan in the year 1909 AD, with the help of the knights of his tribe (Bakhtiari tribe), the Kurdish In the same year, he conquered Tehran. Sardar Asaad Khan Bakhtiari was born in the year 1857 AD, in the town of Junqan, 40 km away from the city of Shahr Kurd, the center of the Greater Lorestan region in eastern Kurdistan, and he is the fourth son of Hussein. Quli Khan Haft Lank Ilkhani Bakhtiari), who was killed in the year 1882 AD, at the hands of (Masoud Mirza Zal Sultan), the son of (Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar) and the ruler of the city of Isfahan, after the killing of his father (Hussein Quli Khan Ilkhani) at the hands of (Masoud Mirza - the shadow of the Sultan), (the shadow of the Sultan) also imprisoned him for some time, when he was released with the help of (Mirza Ali Asghar Khan Atabek), so he deported to Tehran, and there he served as a guard in the Golestan Palace for forty days until the arrival of (Muzaffar al-Din Mirza ) to Tehran, and after the death of his brother (Esfandiar Khan Bakhtiari), (Muzaffar al-Din Shah) gave him the title (Sardar Asaad), and (Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari) learned in his childhood in addition to his mother tongue, South Kurdish-Luri, Persian and Arabic as well Between the years (1905 AD - 1911 AD), the Kurdish Bakhtiari tribe took an important and tense course of the Iranian constitutional revolution, and (Sardar Asaad Khan Bakhtiari) took over the leadership of the Iranian constitutional movement. (Muhammad Ali Shah Qajar) not only opposed the constitution in Tehran, but also ordered the rulers of Tabriz And other important cities such as Isfahan, Rasht, etc., by fighting the constitutionalists and the fighters for freedom and law, Muhammad Ali Shah Qajar, the opponent of the constitutional movement, created an opportunity for the people of Isfahan who had suffered for years from the tyranny of (the shadow of the Sultan) who ruled the city for nearly 38 years, so they revolted in the year 1907 AD, against the tyranny of (the shadow of the Sultan) and the Qajars, which forced (the shadow of the Sultan) to resign And in the year 1909 AD, when (Muhammad Ali Shah Qajar) dissolved parliament, killed most of the patriots and constitutional leaders, imprisoned others, and prevented the publication of newspapers, the Bakhtiari Kurds gradually took a more active role in various forms in the constitutional movement.
In the meantime, some leaders and notables of the Kurdish Bakhtiari tribe, such as (Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari) and his brothers, defended (constitutional) conditionality and condemned the tyranny of (Muhammad Ali Shah Qajar), when (Muhammad Ali Shah Qajar) bombed Parliament (Majlis The popular Shura Council) with bombs, (Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari) announced his strong support for the establishment of a constitutional system, and he went to the province of (Shahr Kurd), the home of his tribe, the Bakhtiari tribe in eastern Kurdistan, to gather his army, and on May 06, 1909 AD, (Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari) entered The city of Isfahan with an army of 2,000 knights from his tribe (Bakhtiari tribe), amidst a warm welcome from the residents of the city of Isfahan,
And in a short time, this Bakhtiari Kurdish army headed to conquer the city of Tehran as well, and (Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari) announced that his goal in conquering Tehran was to establish freedom and democracy, and in the meantime, the anti-Shah forces headed from northern Iran to Tehran and entered the city in July 13, 1909 AD, after the conquest of Tehran, (Muhammad Ali Shah Qajar) was expelled from the royal rule and replaced by his young son (Ahmed Shah Qajar), who was only 12 years old, and the constitutional conditionality was activated, he tried ( Muhammed Ali Shah Qajar) with great support from the Russians to return to power, and his mercenaries launched several attacks on Tehran, but all of their attacks were defeated by the resistance of the Kurdish Bakhtiari tribe and the constitutional protectors, finally, when (Najaf Quli Khan Bakhtiari Samsam of the Sultanate) declared (brother) Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari), a reward for the deposed king, (Muhammad Ali Shah Qajar) finally abandoned his claim to the monarchy and took refuge in Russia. His only goal was to establish freedom and constitutional and legal life within the Qajar state, which included Persia, Azerbaijan and eastern Kurdistan. And western Baluchestan, and the provinces of Khorasan, Lorestan, and Khuzestan. Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari was a cultural and intellectual figure as well. He was very interested in scientific and research activities and the development of science and technology. He provided valuable services in the cultural and social fields. He wrote and translated many books. From books in Persian, and although he could not continue writing because of his poor eyesight, he continued his comprehensive material and spiritual support for authors and translators, and influential in the Persian language, which was the official language of the Qajar state, the most important of which are:
Book (History of the Bakhtiariyyah).
The book (Al-Hamidi History).
Book (Pharaoh's Daughter).
The book (Paris Love).
The book (Ghada the English).
Book (Henry III).
Book (Egyptian Hermes).
(Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari) also cared about the educational sector, and
(Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari) suffered from eye diseases for many years, and he became completely blind and homeless at the end of his life, until he died in Tehran in 1917 AD, and his body was buried next to the tomb of his father (Hussein Quli Khan Ilkhani), in Takht Cemetery Foolad (Takht Polad) in Isfahan, Persia.