Father Name: Muhammad
Year Of Birth: 1829
Year Of Death: 1892
Place Of Birth: Kermanshah
Place Of Death: Tehran
Calligrapher (Mirza Muhammad Reza Khan Kalhor, 1829 AD). The Kurdish calligrapher (Mirza Muhammad Reza Khan Kalhor) was born in the year 1829 AD, in the city of “Kilan” in the Kermanshah Governorate, in eastern Kurdistan. The calligrapher (Mirza Muhammad Reza Khan Kalhour) lived during the days of Qajar rule in eastern Kurdistan. He is considered one of the most famous calligraphers in the Nasta’liq script during the days of the rule of (Naser al-Din Shah Qajar), as he invented a special style of writing in the Nasta’liq method, which is still considered the common and preferred method for many contemporary calligraphers to write in the Nasta’liq method, and Nasta’liq is one of the calligraphy styles Persian, and the term (Nastaliq) is derived from the two words (copy) and (comment), the calligrapher (Mirza Muhammad Reza Khan Kalhor) started the art of calligraphy in adolescence, he moved due to some accidents to the city of Tehran (the capital of the Qajar state) and studied there under (Mirza Muhammad Khwansari), And after he became a leader in writing in the Nastaliq method and became famous, he was summoned by (Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar) and admired by his handwriting, until (Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar) began to practice calligraphy with him personally. (Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar) offered him to be appointed to a ministry Printing in the Qajar state, and since (Mirza Muhammad Reza Khan Kalhor) was a lively and liberal man, he did not accept the offer of (Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar), and he worked as a brief writer with a small salary, the work of the Kurdish calligrapher (Mirza Muhammad Reza Khan Kalhor) is a calligrapher in a number of Persian-language Qajar newspapers, such as Sharaf newspaper, Sharaft newspaper, and Waqa’i Ittifaya newspaper. Among his most important books are:
1- The book (Riyad Al-Mohebbeen).
2- The book (Overflow of Tears), which is one of the most important manuscripts of the calligrapher (Mirza Muhammad Reza Khan Kalhor), which is preserved in the Iranian Royal Library in Tehran.
3- The book (Memoirs of Nasir al-Din Shah Qajar's Travel to Khorasan). The calligrapher (Mirza Muhammad Reza Khan Kalhor) joined the army of (Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar) during his trip to the city of Mashhad, the capital of Khorasan Province, to visit the shrine of Imam Reza, and during that On the trip, (Mirza Muhammad Reza Khan Kalhor) was also working as a calligrapher in the newspaper. After his return from the city of Mashhad, and with the outbreak of cholera in Tehran, he fell ill with cholera, until he died in 1892 AD, at the age of 63. And his body was buried on Friday in the cemetery (Hassan Abad) in the city of Tehran.