Kaws Nuri Abdulrahman Qaftan was born in February 1934 in Sulaymaniyah.
In 1953, he was admitted to the College of Education of Baghdad University. In 1957, he was employed as a teacher in Sulaymaniyah.
In 1958, he became a member of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and a year later, in 1959, he participated in the World Youth Congress in Romania.
In 1960, he went to the former Soviet Union to complete his doctorate. In 1961, he became a member of the Secretariat of the Kurdish Students Association in Europe.
Dr. Kaws Qaftan got married in the year 1962. In 1963 he became a researcher in the Kurdish department of the Leningrad Institute of Oriental Studies.
In 1966, he returned to his homeland and was employed as a teacher in the College of Education of Baghdad University.
He was an active member of the Kurdish Information Forum for the service and promotion of the Kurdish language, which was established in the second half of the 1970s in Baghdad.
From 1971 to 2000, he taught in the College of Education and the College of Arts of Baghdad University. In 2000, he returned to Sulaymaniyah and was employed in the Department of History of the College of Humanities of Sulaymaniyah University.
Dr. Kaws Qaftan has several scientific and historical works, several books and scientific research translated from Russian into Kurdish.
Published works of Dr. Kaws Qaftan:
Book (10) stories, Baghdad 1969., (Khori Awabu), Sulaymaniyah 1970, Book, Rawabaran, Sulaymaniyah 1971.
Half a Step Away from Hell, Baghdad 1975
Five Distorted Paintings, Baghdad 1985
Living Room, Sulaymaniyah 2000
Selections from Bepez, Sulaymaniyah 2001
The Legend of Ordinary Nations, Part 1, Baghdad 1985 from Russian
The Legend of Ordinary Nations, Part 2, Sulaymaniyah 2001 from Russian
Raperini Agri Dagh, Sulaymaniyah 1959
Baban Soran Botan, Baghdad 1985, second edition, Sulaymaniyah 2006
Jalil Jassim, Kurds of the Ottoman Empire, Baghdad 1987 from Russian
Jalil Jassim, Kurdish Uprising of 1880, Baghdad 1987 from Russian
copper. Lazarev, Kurdish Problem, Baghdad 1989, Russian Energy, 2001
Historical Articles, Sulaymaniyah 2001
Barzan Uprisings, Sulaymaniyah 2002, Second Edition, Erbil 2003
The Greatest World Stories, from Arabic, Sulaymaniyah Culture2002
New History for Grade 5 Literature, with Dr. Kamal Mazhar and Hazhari Shair, from Arabic, Baghdad 1970
Ancient History of the Arab Nation, for Grade 1, with Osman Ali Qadir, Baghdad 1988
Ewarayek (long story) with (5) Short Stories, Sulaymaniyah 2003
Short stories, with selected words, Sulaymaniyah 2007 (15) stories
Diwani Shir, Sulaymaniyah 2007. His last book called Birwaraykanm (my memoire). It has been published.
Dr. Kaws Qaftan, historian and intellectual, died on 22-03-2009 in Sulaymaniyah.