Mawlana Khalid Naqishbandi
His name is Khalid son of Ahmad son of Hussein. His mother's name was Fatima.
They are a nomadic tribe of the Jaf tribe of Pir Makail, known as Six Angus (Six Fingers). They came to Jawanro in 738 Hijri and settled in the village of Dawdan, where they died. Shortly after Pirmkail's death, his descendants moved to Qaradagh and Sangaw.
Mawlana Khalid was born in 1193 Hijri in Qaradagh and studied there as a child. He went to Sulaymaniyah as a jurist at a young age and studied with the distinguished teachers of that time. He was very prominent in all the sciences of Islam at that time. When his teacher Sayyid Abdulkarim Barzanji died in 1213, Maulana was appointed to take his place by order of Abdulrahman Pasha of Baban. During the time he was teaching, he was far away from the world and the people and he was always eager to find spiritual guidance and learn Sufism from it in order to reach a high spiritual level.
In 1220, Maulana went to Mecca and Medina through Syria. It is said that a good man told him that he had to go to India to achieve his dream.
After returning from Hajj, he left for India. After more than a year, he reached Delhi via Tehran and Khorasan and visited Shah Abdullah of Delhi. Within five months, he became so popular with King Abdullah that no one could match his position. After winning the ranks of the sect of Naqishbandi, Shah Abdullah gave him permission to teach in all five sects of Naqshbandi, Qadiri, Suhrawardi, Kubravi and Cheshti. A year later, he returned to Kurdistan by order of Shah Abdullah. After a while, he went to Baghdad and stayed for five months in the headquarters of Ghausi Geylani. In the summer he went to Hawraman and during these trips he was served by Sheikh Osman Sirajaddin, who was then known as Faqih Osman.
In 1228 AH, Mawlana went to Baghdad for the second time and returned to Sulaymaniyah after a few years, where he stayed for six years. In 1236, he went to Baghdad for the third time. After two years, he left for Syria and arrived there in 1238 AH.
After resting in Syria, he traveled to Jerusalem for pilgrimage. There, many scholars, men of reason and others became his disciples. When he returned to Syria from Jerusalem in 1241, he continued to advise Muslims, teach jurists, and guide disciples. That year he traveled to Mecca and Medina again. In Medina, a large number of Muslims, especially scholars and intellectuals, who had come for Hajj, met him, and learned the Tariqat from him.
A year after his return to Syria, in 1242 AH, he contracted plague on Wednesday night, 11th Dhu al-Qa'dah, and died on Friday night, 13 Dhu al-Qa'dah, between prayers and sleep.
Mawlana wrote many books and also wrote poetry in Kurdish, Persian and Arabic, most of which are prayers to God and the Prophet and praises of good men.