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Faqe Qadri Hamawand
His name was Qadir or (Abdul Qadir), son of Rasoul, son of Jwamer, from the Chalabi clan of the Hamwand tribe. He was born in 1830 in Bazian. There are reports that he was born in the village of Qudrata.
He began his education in the mosque which was at the time the first center of literacy and education in Kurdistan. It appears that Faqe Qadir did not complete his studies at the mosque. He may have reached the stage of Musta'idi or Sukhtai and dropped out of school. In addition, he sometimes used the word “darwish” as a title, in honor of Kaka Ahmadi Sheikh, because he loved this personality very much and considered himself his disciple and monk in the path of Qadiri.
Faqe Qadir was one of the chiefs of the Hamwand clan. He was appointed governor of Chamchamal and Bazian during the reign of Sultan Abdul Aziz (1830-1876).
Faqi Qadir's life as a tribal chief reflected the life of his tribe during the rule of the totalitarian autocratic Ottoman state. The geographical location of this tribe was very important in the strategy of the Ottoman state, especially militarily. Regarding the importance of this region, the great scholar Tofiq Wahbi says; Bazian Port is the first gateway from Garmian and Hamrin Mountain to the central regions of South Kurdistan. Because the Ottoman rule did not provide any services to the Chamchamal region and only opressed its people. The Hamwand tribe was brave and resisted the oppression of the state. There has been continuous internal conflict between the Hamwand tribe and the Ottoman authorities, in addition to the devastating and insecure constant conflict between the nobles of the region, which the Ottoman authorities have used to create chaos among the Kurds.
This has caused the fate of the tribal chiefs to become one with that of the people. Thus, Faqi Qadir was tortured and imprisoned. During 1885-1887 he spent his life as a prisoner in Kirkuk, Mosul and Baghdad prisons. Faqi Qadir's captivity and detention were not all consecutive. Sometimes he was released and arrested again.
During this time, he disappeared in some parts of Iranian Kurdistan, away from the Ottoman rule, and took refuge in Mahidasht and Zahaw. This suggests that he spent six or seven years in prison, most of which he spent in Kirkuk prison.
In 1887, Faqi Qadir and some of the princes of Hamwand and other tribal people were expelled by the Ottoman Empire and exiled to Benghazi, Libya, where he is believed to have died in 1890.
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