Qanat Kurdo was born on 12-09-1909 in the village of Suszi in the Qanzman region of Kars region in Northern Kurdistan of the Ottoman Empire.
At the end of World War I in 1918, when the Turks committed the Armenian genocide, the Qanat family and their villagers escaped from Turkey and moved to the Russian-occupied Aparan region of Armenia. They lived in a village known as Korblakh. After the Turks occupied Aparan, especially the Kurdish villages in that region, so Qanat's family was exiled for a while and later returned to Aparan and his father worked as a carrier and mover. In 1920 they moved to Georgia and settled in Tbilisi. In the same year, he began studying at the school of Hagob Gazarian, an Armenian school known as Lazo. His father passed away in 1921, when he was aged 12.
In 1928, Qanat Kurdo completed his primary education at a private school and was admitted to the Workers' College in Leningrad. In 1931, he graduated from the college, which was equivalent to secondary and high school. He received his doctorate in 1941 and was employed at the Institute of Ethnography of the Soviet Academy of Sciences.
Dr. Kanati Kurdo became a member of the Russian Communist Party in 1945 and after the war he became a Kurdish language teacher to Iranian students.
From 1947 to 1960 he was secretary of the regional committee of the Communist Party of the Institute of Oriental Studies in Leningrad.
In 1968, Dr. Qanat received his PhD and eventually became a professor.
He served Kurdish language, literature, and history as the head of the Kurdish department until his death on 31-10-198531-10-1985