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👫 Mahmud Bayazidi
Mahmud Bayazidi (Kurdish: Mehmûdê Bazîdî, 1797 Doğubeyazıt – 1859 Erzurum), was a Kurdish philosopher and polymath from Bayazid in the Ottoman Empire.
1 Early life
2 Works
3 Published boo
👫 Mahmud Bayazidi
👫 Khulam Rada Khan Arkawazi
hulam Rada Khan Arkawazi (born c. 1765 in Ilam–died c. 1834) was a Kurdish poet and ascetic and a prominent literary figure from Pish-e Kuh region near Khorramabad in Iran. He wrote in both Feyli and
👫 Khulam Rada Khan Arkawazi
👫 Sheikh Marif Nodeyi
Marouf Nodeyi or Shaykh Marif Nodeyi (Kurdish: مارفی نۆدێ, 1753–1838 or 1839 was a Kurdish Sufi, poet and scholar of the eighteenth and nineteenth century. He was the author of 59 books and 870 poems.
👫 Sheikh Marif Nodeyi
👫 Almas Khan-e Kanoule\'ei
Almas Khan-e Kanoule\'ei is one of the famous Kurd poets in the twelfth century A.H. Although researchers have frequently pointed to his literary works, no careful research has so far been done on his
👫 Almas Khan-e Kanoule\'ei
👫 Khana Qubadi
Khana Qubadi (Kurdish: خانای قوبادی, lit. \'Xanay Qubadî\', 1700–1759) was a Kurdish poet from the Jaff tribe who wrote in Gorani. He belonged to the Hawrami school of poetry in the Ardalan principality
👫 Khana Qubadi
👫 Feqiyê Teyran
Feqiyê Teyran (born Mir Mehemed, Kurdish: Feqiyê Teyran, 1590–1660) was a Kurdish poet who wrote in Kurmanji. He is best known for his work Zembîlfiroş, and is also credited for writing the first lite
👫 Feqiyê Teyran
👫 Şêx Şemsedînê Exlatî
Şêx Şemsedînê Exlatî
Şêx Şemsedînê Qutbê Exlatî or Xelwetî (Kurdish: Şêx Şemsedînê Exlatî, born in Ahlat; 1558–1674) was a Kurdish mutesewwif, poet, and Sheikh of the Xelwetî tariqa. He wrote in Kurm
👫 Şêx Şemsedînê Exlatî
👫 Mela Huseynê Bateyî
la Huseynê Bateyî (born Hussein, Kurdish: Melayê Bateyî, 1417–1495)[2] was a Kurdish poet and cleric. He laid the foundations for Kurdish mawlid literary genre since almost all Kurdish mawlids are inf
👫 Mela Huseynê Bateyî
👫 Mele Perîşan
Mele Perîşa (born Mohammad Abulqasim, 1356–1431, Kurdish: مەلا پەرێشان, romanized: Mele Perîşan) was a Kurdish poet who wrote in Kurdish. His main work Parishan-nama is considered to be the oldest wor
👫 Mele Perîşan
👫 Ali Hariri
Ali Hariri or Sheikh Ahmed Bohtani (Kurdish: Elî Herîrî, b. Harir; 1009–1079/1080) was a Kurdish poet who wrote in Kurmanji and considered a pioneer in classical Kurdish Sufi literature and a founder
👫 Ali Hariri
👫 Evdilsemede Bebek
Evdilsemedê Babek or Abdussamed Babek (born in Hakkâri; 972–1019) was a Kurdish poet who with Ali Hariri were the first to write in Kurdish (Kurmanji). Beside Kurdish, Babek also wrote in Arabic and h
👫 Evdilsemede Bebek
👫 Mastura Khani Ardalan
Mah Sharaf Khanom Mastoureh Ardalan or Mastura Ardalan (1805, Sanandaj − 1848, Sulaymaniyah) was a Kurdish poet, historian, and writer.

1 Biography
2 Works
3 Legacy
4 Books
👫 Mastura Khani Ardalan
👫 Mistefa Besarani
Mistefa Bêsaranî (Kurdish: مستەفا بێسارانی, romanized: Mistefa Bêsaranî, 1642–1701), was a Kurdish Sufi and poet who wrote in Gorani. He was from the village of Bêseran of Ardalan.
👫 Mistefa Besarani
👫 Mahwi
Mahwi (Kurdish: مەحوی‎ Mehwî; full name: مەلا موحەمەد کوڕی عوسمان بەڵخی Mala Muhamad Osman Ballkhi) (1830–1906) was one of the most prominenet classical Kurdish poets and sufis from Kurdistan Region o
👫 Mahwi
👫 Mawlawi
MAWLAWI, ʿAbd-al-Raḥim Maʿdumi (b. 1806, d. near Ḥalabja, 1882-83), a leading Kurdish poet of the 19th century who wrote in the Gurāni dialect of southeastern Kurdistan (FIGURE 1). He used the pen nam
👫 Mawlawi
👫 Jamal Nebez
Jamal Nebez (Kurdish: جەمال نەبەز ,Cemal Nebez; 1 December 1933 – 8 December 2018) was a Kurdish linguist, mathematician, politician, author, translator and writer. He studied Islamic law, philosophy,
👫 Jamal Nebez
👫 Ihsan Nuri Pasha
Early life and education
Ihsan Nuri was born in the house of his father Elî Qulî ] in Bitlis in 1893. He came from a branch of the Jalali tribe. After finishing primary education at the Gök Meydan mo
👫 Ihsan Nuri Pasha
👫 Muhammad Mamle
Muhammad Mamle (Persian: محمد ماملی, Kurdish: Mihemedî Mamlê, 1925 – 13 January 1999) was a Kurdish musician and singer. He renewed hundreds of Kurdish folkloric songs.

He died on 13 January 1999]
👫 Muhammad Mamle
👫 Dildar
Yûnis Reuf or Dildar As we know him the Kurdish poet and political activist
in 1945 He wrote the Poem Ey-Reqîb (adopted as Kurdish national anthem)
Birth and study
He was born on February 20, 1918
👫 Dildar
👫 Dara Mohmed Ali
Dara Mohamed Ali 1950 Born in Erbil-Kurdistan. He is a member of Kurdistan Artist\'s association, Iraqi painters\' group, Iraqi sculpture association and Kurdistan journalist\'s syndicate. He is one of t
👫 Dara Mohmed Ali
👫 Mohmed Arif
Artist Mohamed Arif 1937: Born in Rawandiz- Kurdistan -1956: diploma from institute of fine arts-Baghdad -1967: Master of fine arts from Sorikov academy-Moscow -2004: Doctor degree. He was instructor
👫 Mohmed Arif
👫 Aziz Salim
Aziz Salim (1917–2003) was born in the village of Qaladze which is near the city of Slemani in Iraqi Kurdistan. He learned how to draw and paint pictures from an early age, sometimes drawing on walls
👫 Aziz Salim
👫 Sharif Pasha
Mehmet Şerif Pasha (1865, Üsküdar, Istanbul - December 22, 1951; Catanzaro, Italy), a founding member of Kurd Society for Cooperation and Progress and representative of the Society for the Elevation o
👫 Sharif Pasha
👫 Wafayi
Wafaei or Wefayî, (1844–1902), was a Kurdish poet. His real name was Abdorrahim. He was born in Mahabad in present-day north-western Iran. He finished religious studies in Mahabad and became a cleric,
👫 Wafayi
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🔣 History of the Jews in Kurdistan | Group: Miscellaneous | Articles language: 🇬🇧 English
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History of the Jews in Kurdistan
Jews of Kurdistan (Hebrew: יהודי כורדיסטן‎, Yehudei Kurdistan, lit. Jews of Kurdistan; Aramaic: אנשא דידן‎, Nashi Didan, lit. our people; Kurdish: Kurdên cihû‎) are the ancient Eastern Jewish communities, inhabiting the region known as Kurdistan in northern Mesopotamia, roughly covering parts of northwestern Iran, northern Iraq, northeastern Syria and southeastern Turkey. Their clothing and culture is similar to neighbouring Kurdish Muslims and Assyrians. Until their immigration to Israel in the 1940s and early 1950s, the Jews of Kurdistan lived as closed ethnic communities. The Jews of Kurdistan largely spoke Aramaic, as a lingua franca, with some additionally speaking Kurdish dialects, in particular the Kurmanji dialect in Iraqi Kurdistan.
Today, the vast majority of Kurdistan's Jews live in Israel.
Ancient times and classic antiquity[edit]
Kurdish Jews in Rawanduz, northern Iraq, 1905
Tradition holds that Israelites of the tribe of Benjamin first arrived in the area of modern Kurdistan after the Assyrian conquest of the Kingdom of Israel during the 8th century BC; they were subsequently relocated to the Assyrian capital.[7] During the first century BC, the royal house of Adiabene - which, according to Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, was ethnically Assyrian and whose capital was Arbil (Aramaic: Arbala; Kurdish: Hewlêr‎) - was converted to Judaism.[8][9] King Monobazes, his queen Helena, and his son and successor Izates are recorded as the first
Middle Ages[edit]
According to the memoirs of Benjamin of Tudela and Pethahiah of Regensburg, there were about 100 Jewish settlements and substantial Jewish population in Kurdistan in the 12th century. Benjamin of Tudela also gives the account of David Alroi, the messianic leader from central Kurdistan, who rebelled against the king of Persia and had plans to lead the Jews back to Jerusalem. These travellers also report of well-established and wealthy Jewish communities in Mosul, which was the commercial and spiritual center of Kurdistan. Many Jews fearful of approaching crusaders, had fled from Syria and Palestine to Babylonia and Kurdistan. The Jews of Mosul enjoyed some degree of autonomy over managing their own community
Ottoman era[edit]
Tanna'it Asenath Barzani, who lived in Mosul from 1590 to 1670, was the daughter of Rabbi Samuel Barzani of Kurdistan. She later married Jacob Mizrahi Rabbi of Amadiyah (in Iraqi Kurdistan) who lectured at a yeshiva.[12] She was famous for her knowledge of the Torah, Talmud, Kabbalah and Jewish law. After the early death of her husband, she became the head of the yeshiva at Amadiyah, and eventually was recognized as the chief instructor of Torah in Kurdistan. She was called tanna'it (female Talmudic scholar), practiced mysticism, and was reputed to have known the secret names of God.[13] Asenath is also well known for her poetry and excellent command of the Hebrew language. She wrote a long poem of lament and petition in the traditional rhymed metrical form. Her poems are among the few examples of the early modern Hebrew texts written by women.[14]
Immigration of Kurdish Jews to the Land of Israel initiated during the late 16th century, with a community of rabbinic scholars arriving to Safed, Galilee, and a Kurdish Jewish quarter had been established there as a result. The thriving period of Safed however ended in 1660, with Druze power struggles in the region and an economic decline.
Modern times[edit]
Main article: Kurdish Jews in Israel
Since the early 20th century some Kurdish Jews had been active in the Zionist movement. One of the most famous members of Lehi (Freedom Fighters of Israel) was Moshe Barazani, whose family immigrated from Iraqi Kurdistan and settled in Jerusalem in the late 1920s.
The vast majority of Kurdish Jews were forced out of Iraqi Kurdistan and evacuated to Israel in the early 1950s, together with the Iraqi Jewish community. The vast majority of the Kurdish Jews of Iranian Kurdistan relocated mostly to Israel as well, in the 1950s.
The Times of Israel reported on September 30, 2013: "Today, there are almost 200,000 Kurdish Jews in Israel, about half of whom live in Jerusalem. There are also over 30 agricultural villages throughout the country that were founded by Kurdish Jews."[15]
According to recent reports, there are between 400-730 Jewish families living in the Kurdish region. On October 18, the Kurdistan Regional Government named Sherzad Omar Mamsani, a Kurdish Jew, as the Jewish representative of the Ministry of Endowment and Religious Affairs
One of the main problems in the history and historiography of the Jews of Kurdistan was the lack of written history and the lack of documents and historical records. During the 1930s, a German-Jewish Ethnographer, Erich Brauer, began interviewing members of the community. His assistant, Raphael Patai, published the results of his research in Hebrew. The book, Yehude Kurditan: mehqar ethnographi (Jerusalem, 1940), was translated into English in the 1990s. Israeli scholar Mordechai Zaken wrote a book using written, archival and oral sources that traces the relations between the Jews and the Kurdish masters or chieftains (Aghas). He interviewed 56 Kurdish Jews from six towns (Zahko, Aqrah, Amadiya, Dohuk, Sulaimaniya and Shinno/Ushno/Ushnoviyya), as well as dozens of villages, mostly in the region of Bahdin

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The Kurds of Lebanon: Socioeconomic Mobility and Political Participation via Naturalization
Guita G. Hourani
November 2011
The Lebanese Emigration Research Center (LERC)
Notre Dame University-Louaizé (NDU), Lebanon
LERC Research Paper Series 1/2011
ISBN 978-9953-0-2096-9; ISSN 2221-3333
The Kurds of Lebanon: Socioeconomic Mobility and Political Participation via Naturalization
General Funk: US forces will stay in Manbij
Thursday، 8 Feb 2018، 00:30
Speaking to Associated Press from a military outpost in Manbij، General Funk pledged on Wednesday that American troops would remain in the northern Syrian Kurdish town of Manbij despite Ankara’s demands for a U.S. pullout.
“We\'re here to ensure the lasting defeat of ISIS is maintained in this area،” Lt. Gen. Paul E. Funk said during a visit to U.S. forces in Manbij.
Funk told reporters in Manbij that the U.S. would continue to support the Syria
General Funk: US forces will stay in Manbij
Yezidism (Alevism)
History/Founder: Yezidis are a Kurdish sect, is believed by some to be named after their supposed founder Yezid, the Umayyad Caliph (more probable is that Yezidi is related to the Sumerian, Ezidi, \'shining path,\' or from the Pahlavi word Yazd, \'angel.\'). The Yezidi revere the Prophet Mohammed and the Sufi mystic Adi Musafir, a descendent of the Umayyad Caliphs (Kalifs). Adi is credited with writing many of the Yezidi Holy texts and is most likely to be the originator of the faith. Islamic writin
Yezidism (Alevism)
Migrant crisis: The truth about the boy on the beach Aylan Kurdi
His lifeless body cradled in a policeman’s arms, the drowned boy on the beach has become a symbol for the suffering of Syrian refugees.
Three-year-old Alan Kurdi (his first name was initially incorrectly given as Aylan) perished along with his five-year-old brother and mother off the coast of Turkey.
His father survived and gave a heart-rending account of how he watched his family die after the flimsy dinghy that was supposed to carry them to a brighter future was swamped by rough seas.
Migrant crisis: The truth about the boy on the beach Aylan Kurdi
Turkey v Syria\'s Kurds: The short, medium and long story
The Turkish military has launched a major cross-border operation in north-eastern Syria against a Kurdish-led militia alliance allied to the United States.
The move came after US troops, who relied on the militia alliance to defeat the Islamic State (IS) group on the ground in Syria, withdrew from the border area.
We\'ve boiled down why it matters.
Why has Turkey launched an assault?
One main reason: Turkey considers the biggest militia in the Kurdish-led alliance a terrorist group. It says i
Turkey v Syria\'s Kurds: The short, medium and long story

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