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🏰 Mahabad River
Mahabad River is an endorheic river in Mahabad county Iran, located at 36°46′03″N 45°42′06″E and which flows into the southern end of Lake Urmia.
The river has been crossed by the Mahabad Dam near th
🏰 Mahabad River
🏰 Lake Urmia
Lake Urmia (Persian: دریاچه ارومیه‎, Daryâche-ye Orumiye) is an endorheic salt lake in Iran.The lake is located between the provinces of East Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan in Iran, and west of the so
🏰 Lake Urmia
🏰 Urmia
Urmia or Orumiyeh[nb 1] (Persian: ارومیه‎, pronounced [oɾumiˈje] (About this soundlisten);[nb 2] Azerbaijani: اورمیهor اورمو‎, romanized: Urmiya or Urmu, Kurdish: Ûrmiyê ,ورمێ‎;Syriac: ܐܘܪܡܝܐ‎, romani
🏰 Urmia
🌏 Kingdom of Kurdistan in 1923
Kingdom of Kurdistan in 1923[1]
🌏 Kingdom of Kurdistan in 1923
🌏 Republic of Mahabad
Republic of Mahabad 1945-1946[1]
🌏 Republic of Mahabad
👫 Narmin Mustafa Awez
A Kurdish artist based in Sulaymaniyah.
She holds a MA from the College of Fine Arts, University of Sulaimany, and PHD nominate from the same institute.
Her works is mainly, painting, extending it
👫 Narmin Mustafa Awez
☂️ Hengaw Organization for Human Rights
Hengaw Organization for Human Rights was founded in October 2016 by a group of human rights activists to report about the extensive human rights violations that were occurring in the Kurdish areas in
☂️ Hengaw Organization for Human Rights
📕 Evaluation of Local Asphalt Production and Performance Grade (PG) for Kurdistan Region-Iraq
Agreen Abdoulla Azeez
Erbil - 2019
📕 Evaluation of Local Asphalt Production and Performance Grade (PG) for Kurdistan Region-Iraq
👫 Araz Ramazan Ahmad
DR. Araz Ramazan Ahmad is currently a lecturer and director of Media office at the University of Raparin. At the same time, he works as a journalist and writer since 2004, as he is a staff member of K
👫 Araz Ramazan Ahmad
📕 The stories of shilan and miran
Shilan Jamal Shahoyi
📕 The stories of shilan and miran
📕 The Death Trap as a Political Play by Saki
A Research Project Submitted to the Department of English, College of language at the University of Salahaddin-Hawler in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of B.A in Language and Li
📕 The Death Trap as a Political Play by Saki
🎵 My Sweet Pepper Land
My Sweet Pepper Land is a 2013 Kurdish-language internationally co-produced drama film directed by Huner Saleem.It was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival It was
🎵 My Sweet Pepper Land
🎵 Vodka Lemon
Vodka Lemon (Kurdish Sorani: ڤۆدکا لیمۆ) is a 2003 film directed by the Iraqi–Kurdish director Hiner Saleem.
Produced by Fabrice Guez
Written by Lei Dinety
Pauline Gouzenne
Hiner Saleem
Starring
🎵 Vodka Lemon
👫 Hiner Saleem
Huner Saleem (Kurdish: هونه‌ر سەلیم), also transliterated as Huner Salim, (born 09-03-1964), is an Iraqi–Kurdish film director. He was born in the town of Aqrah (Akre) in Iraqi Kurdistan. He left Iraq
👫 Hiner Saleem
🎵 Kilomètre Zéro
Kilomètre zéro (Sorani Kurdish: کیلۆمەتری سفر) is a 2005 film written, produced, and directed by the Kurdish director Hiner Saleem. Kilometre Zero is the first Iraqi film chosen for the official Canne
🎵 Kilomètre Zéro
☂️ Kurdistan Botanical Foundation -KBF
Kurdistan Botanical Foundation -KBF
فاوندەیشنی رووەکی کوردستان [1]
The Kurdistan Botanical Foundation (hereafter KBF) is a non-profit organization that was established by a group of botanists and en
☂️ Kurdistan Botanical Foundation -KBF
👫 Leyla Zana
Leyla Zana (born03-05-1961) is a Turkish politician of Kurdish origin who was imprisoned for ten years for her political activism, which was deemed by the Turkish courts to be against the unity of the
👫 Leyla Zana
📕 Kurdish Issues
This volume contains 13 essays, written by a group of distinguished scholars, on the most important issues facing the Kurds today. Subjects covered include politics, economics, ISIS, and number of iss
📕 Kurdish Issues
👫 Michael Gunter
Michael M. Gunter is an authority on Kurds in Turkey and Iraq and has written seven books on the Kurdish struggle. He is a board member of the Center for Eurasian Studies (AVIM).
He is frequently con
👫 Michael Gunter
📝 PKK: We know the genocidal mentality behind Sivas massacre well
The Art and Culture Committee of Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) commemorated the victims of the massacre of Sivas and said: The colonial fascist Turkish state cruelly murdered 33 people, among them art
📝 PKK: We know the genocidal mentality behind Sivas massacre well
📝 HPG: 22 Turkish soldiers killed in guerrilla actions
The Press Office of the People\'s Defense Forces (HPG) announced in a statement that at least 22 soldiers of the Turkish military have died as result of guerrilla actions in Northern and Southern Kurdi
📝 HPG: 22 Turkish soldiers killed in guerrilla actions
📕 My Memoirs On The Kurdistan Republic Of Mahabad
Translated by: Salman Ali
Revised by: Azad Hama Shareef
📕 My Memoirs On The Kurdistan Republic Of Mahabad
👩 Concerns over the fate of Zeynab Jalalian in quarantine
Jalalian is currently being held in the quarantine ward of Qarchak prison where she was transferred by the security forces after the other prisons refused to accept her.
Ali Jalalian, the father of Z
👩 Concerns over the fate of Zeynab Jalalian in quarantine
📕 Spotlights on Kurdish Folk Art
Compiled by Dr. Azad Hamad Sharif
2012
📕 Spotlights on Kurdish Folk Art
📖 Articles
Yezidism (Alevism)
📖 Articles
Migrant crisis: The truth a...
📝 Documents
Turkey v Syria's Kurds: The...
👫 Biography
Asenath Barzani
👫 Biography
Zeynab Jalalian
🔣 History of the Jews in Kurdistan | Group: Miscellaneous | Articles language: 🇬🇧 English
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History of the Jews in Kurdistan
Jews of Kurdistan (Hebrew: יהודי כורדיסטן‎, Yehudei Kurdistan, lit. Jews of Kurdistan; Aramaic: אנשא דידן‎, Nashi Didan, lit. our people; Kurdish: Kurdên cihû‎) are the ancient Eastern Jewish communities, inhabiting the region known as Kurdistan in northern Mesopotamia, roughly covering parts of northwestern Iran, northern Iraq, northeastern Syria and southeastern Turkey. Their clothing and culture is similar to neighbouring Kurdish Muslims and Assyrians. Until their immigration to Israel in the 1940s and early 1950s, the Jews of Kurdistan lived as closed ethnic communities. The Jews of Kurdistan largely spoke Aramaic, as a lingua franca, with some additionally speaking Kurdish dialects, in particular the Kurmanji dialect in Iraqi Kurdistan.
Today, the vast majority of Kurdistan's Jews live in Israel.
Ancient times and classic antiquity[edit]
Kurdish Jews in Rawanduz, northern Iraq, 1905
Tradition holds that Israelites of the tribe of Benjamin first arrived in the area of modern Kurdistan after the Assyrian conquest of the Kingdom of Israel during the 8th century BC; they were subsequently relocated to the Assyrian capital.[7] During the first century BC, the royal house of Adiabene - which, according to Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, was ethnically Assyrian and whose capital was Arbil (Aramaic: Arbala; Kurdish: Hewlêr‎) - was converted to Judaism.[8][9] King Monobazes, his queen Helena, and his son and successor Izates are recorded as the first
Middle Ages[edit]
According to the memoirs of Benjamin of Tudela and Pethahiah of Regensburg, there were about 100 Jewish settlements and substantial Jewish population in Kurdistan in the 12th century. Benjamin of Tudela also gives the account of David Alroi, the messianic leader from central Kurdistan, who rebelled against the king of Persia and had plans to lead the Jews back to Jerusalem. These travellers also report of well-established and wealthy Jewish communities in Mosul, which was the commercial and spiritual center of Kurdistan. Many Jews fearful of approaching crusaders, had fled from Syria and Palestine to Babylonia and Kurdistan. The Jews of Mosul enjoyed some degree of autonomy over managing their own community
Ottoman era[edit]
Tanna'it Asenath Barzani, who lived in Mosul from 1590 to 1670, was the daughter of Rabbi Samuel Barzani of Kurdistan. She later married Jacob Mizrahi Rabbi of Amadiyah (in Iraqi Kurdistan) who lectured at a yeshiva.[12] She was famous for her knowledge of the Torah, Talmud, Kabbalah and Jewish law. After the early death of her husband, she became the head of the yeshiva at Amadiyah, and eventually was recognized as the chief instructor of Torah in Kurdistan. She was called tanna'it (female Talmudic scholar), practiced mysticism, and was reputed to have known the secret names of God.[13] Asenath is also well known for her poetry and excellent command of the Hebrew language. She wrote a long poem of lament and petition in the traditional rhymed metrical form. Her poems are among the few examples of the early modern Hebrew texts written by women.[14]
Immigration of Kurdish Jews to the Land of Israel initiated during the late 16th century, with a community of rabbinic scholars arriving to Safed, Galilee, and a Kurdish Jewish quarter had been established there as a result. The thriving period of Safed however ended in 1660, with Druze power struggles in the region and an economic decline.
Modern times[edit]
Main article: Kurdish Jews in Israel
Since the early 20th century some Kurdish Jews had been active in the Zionist movement. One of the most famous members of Lehi (Freedom Fighters of Israel) was Moshe Barazani, whose family immigrated from Iraqi Kurdistan and settled in Jerusalem in the late 1920s.
The vast majority of Kurdish Jews were forced out of Iraqi Kurdistan and evacuated to Israel in the early 1950s, together with the Iraqi Jewish community. The vast majority of the Kurdish Jews of Iranian Kurdistan relocated mostly to Israel as well, in the 1950s.
The Times of Israel reported on September 30, 2013: "Today, there are almost 200,000 Kurdish Jews in Israel, about half of whom live in Jerusalem. There are also over 30 agricultural villages throughout the country that were founded by Kurdish Jews."[15]
According to recent reports, there are between 400-730 Jewish families living in the Kurdish region. On October 18, the Kurdistan Regional Government named Sherzad Omar Mamsani, a Kurdish Jew, as the Jewish representative of the Ministry of Endowment and Religious Affairs
Historiography[edit]
One of the main problems in the history and historiography of the Jews of Kurdistan was the lack of written history and the lack of documents and historical records. During the 1930s, a German-Jewish Ethnographer, Erich Brauer, began interviewing members of the community. His assistant, Raphael Patai, published the results of his research in Hebrew. The book, Yehude Kurditan: mehqar ethnographi (Jerusalem, 1940), was translated into English in the 1990s. Israeli scholar Mordechai Zaken wrote a book using written, archival and oral sources that traces the relations between the Jews and the Kurdish masters or chieftains (Aghas). He interviewed 56 Kurdish Jews from six towns (Zahko, Aqrah, Amadiya, Dohuk, Sulaimaniya and Shinno/Ushno/Ushnoviyya), as well as dozens of villages, mostly in the region of Bahdin
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Yezidism (Alevism)
History/Founder: Yezidis are a Kurdish sect, is believed by some to be named after their supposed founder Yezid, the Umayyad Caliph (more probable is that Yezidi is related to the Sumerian, Ezidi, \'shining path,\' or from the Pahlavi word Yazd, \'angel.\'). The Yezidi revere the Prophet Mohammed and the Sufi mystic Adi Musafir, a descendent of the Umayyad Caliphs (Kalifs). Adi is credited with writing many of the Yezidi Holy texts and is most likely to be the originator of the faith. Islamic writin
Yezidism (Alevism)
Migrant crisis: The truth about the boy on the beach Aylan Kurdi
His lifeless body cradled in a policeman’s arms, the drowned boy on the beach has become a symbol for the suffering of Syrian refugees.
Three-year-old Alan Kurdi (his first name was initially incorrectly given as Aylan) perished along with his five-year-old brother and mother off the coast of Turkey.
His father survived and gave a heart-rending account of how he watched his family die after the flimsy dinghy that was supposed to carry them to a brighter future was swamped by rough seas.
They
Migrant crisis: The truth about the boy on the beach Aylan Kurdi
Turkey v Syria\'s Kurds: The short, medium and long story
The Turkish military has launched a major cross-border operation in north-eastern Syria against a Kurdish-led militia alliance allied to the United States.
The move came after US troops, who relied on the militia alliance to defeat the Islamic State (IS) group on the ground in Syria, withdrew from the border area.
We\'ve boiled down why it matters.
Why has Turkey launched an assault?
One main reason: Turkey considers the biggest militia in the Kurdish-led alliance a terrorist group. It says i
Turkey v Syria\'s Kurds: The short, medium and long story
Asenath Barzani
Asenath Barzani, Born to Samuel Ben Nathanel halevi in 1590 CE in the Kurdish city of Mosul in Southern Kurdistan. She was raised by her father Samuel who taught her Kabbalah and excused her from all daily tasks that other young girl her age usually did. She dedicated her life to studying and memorizing the Holy words of God. Asenath was quoted by Rabbi Tirzah Firestone, The Receiving; Recovering Feminine Wisdom p. 112 as saying “Never in my life did I step outside of my home. I was the daughter
Asenath Barzani
Zeynab Jalalian
Zeynab Jalalian, born in 1982, is a Kurdish activist from a small village called Deim Qeshlaq located around Maku in Eastern Azerbaijan province in Iran. She was arrested in February 2007 by the forces of Kermanshah Intelligence Bureau on charges of membership in PJAK (Party for a Free Life in Kurdistan).
She was interrogated at Intelligence Detention Centre in Kermanshah for a month while being seriously tortured both mentally and physically. She was then transferred to Kermanshah Youth Rehabi
Zeynab Jalalian

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