Library Library
Search

Kurdipedia is the largest multilingual sources for Kurdish information!


Search Options





Advanced Search      Keyboard


Search
Advanced Search
Library
Kurdish names
Chronology of events
Sources
History
User Favorites
Activities
Search Help?
Publication
Video
Classifications
Random item!
Send
Send Article
Send Image
Survey
Your feedback
Contact
What kind of information do we need!
Standards
Terms of Use
Item Quality
Tools
About
Kurdipedia Archivists
Articles about us!
Add Kurdipedia to your website
Add / Delete Email
Visitors statistics
Item statistics
Fonts Converter
Calendars Converter
Spell Check
Languages and dialects of the pages
Keyboard
Handy links
Kurdipedia extension for Google Chrome
Cookies
Languages
کوردیی ناوەڕاست
کرمانجی - کوردیی سەروو
Kurmancî - Kurdîy Serû
هەورامی
Zazakî
English
Française
Deutsch
عربي
فارسی
Türkçe
Nederlands
Svenska
Español
Italiano
עברית
Pусский
Norsk
日本人
中国的
Հայերեն
Ελληνική
لەکی
Azərbaycanca
My account
Sign In
Membership!
Forgot your password!
Search Send Tools Languages My account
Advanced Search
Library
Kurdish names
Chronology of events
Sources
History
User Favorites
Activities
Search Help?
Publication
Video
Classifications
Random item!
Send Article
Send Image
Survey
Your feedback
Contact
What kind of information do we need!
Standards
Terms of Use
Item Quality
About
Kurdipedia Archivists
Articles about us!
Add Kurdipedia to your website
Add / Delete Email
Visitors statistics
Item statistics
Fonts Converter
Calendars Converter
Spell Check
Languages and dialects of the pages
Keyboard
Handy links
Kurdipedia extension for Google Chrome
Cookies
کوردیی ناوەڕاست
کرمانجی - کوردیی سەروو
Kurmancî - Kurdîy Serû
هەورامی
Zazakî
English
Française
Deutsch
عربي
فارسی
Türkçe
Nederlands
Svenska
Español
Italiano
עברית
Pусский
Norsk
日本人
中国的
Հայերեն
Ελληνική
لەکی
Azərbaycanca
Sign In
Membership!
Forgot your password!
        
 kurdipedia.org 2008 - 2024
 About
 Random item!
 Terms of Use
 Kurdipedia Archivists
 Your feedback
 User Favorites
 Chronology of events
 Activities - Kurdipedia
 Help
New Item
Library
Creation and Collapse: The British Indian Empire in Mesopotamia Before and After World War I
18-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Library
The forty thieves: Churchill, the Cairo Conference, and the policy debate over strategies of colonial control in British mandato
18-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Library
BRITISH COLONIALISM AND KURDS IN IRAQ: A POSTCOLONIAL DISCOURSE THROUGH TEXTUAL REPRESENTATIONS (1914-1958)
18-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Library
Imperialism and Empire in Iraq: Britain’s Informal Colony
18-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Library
The Poetics of Revolution: Cultures, Practices, and Politics of Anti-Colonialism in Iraq, 1932-1960
17-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Library
A Cynical Enterprise: US-Iraq Relations, Oil, and the Struggle for the Persian Gulf
17-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Library
The Baghdad Pact Anglo-American defence policies in the Middle East, 1950–1959
17-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Library
America’s role in nation-building : from Germany to Iraq
17-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Library
America’s Search for Control in Iraq in the Early Cold War, 1953-1961
17-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Library
U.S. Relations with Iraq From the Mandate to Operation Iraqi Freedom
17-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Statistics
Articles 516,812
Images 105,280
Books 19,092
Related files 95,778
Video 1,283
Library
Resolution of Turkey’s Kurd...
Library
IRAQ BETWEEN TWO OCCUPATION...
Library
RETHINKING STATE AND BORDER...
Library
The Grand Strategy of Gertr...
Library
America’s role in nation-bu...
DAVID L. PHILLIPS TO GULAN: THE US HAS NO FRIENDS IN IRAQ EXCEPT THE IRAQI KURDS
Kurdipedia's Mega-Data is a good helper for social, political and national decisions..
Group: Articles | Articles language: English
Share
Facebook0
Twitter0
Telegram0
LinkedIn0
WhatsApp0
Viber0
SMS0
Facebook Messenger0
E-Mail0
Copy Link0
Ranking item
Excellent
Very good
Average
Poor
Bad
Add to my favorites
Write your comment about this item!
Items history
Metadata
RSS
Search in Google for images related to the selected item!
Search in Google for selected item!
کوردیی ناوەڕاست0
Kurmancî - Kurdîy Serû0
عربي0
فارسی0
Türkçe0
עברית0
Deutsch0
Español0
Française0
Italiano0
Nederlands0
Svenska0
Ελληνική0
Azərbaycanca0
Fins0
Norsk0
Pусский0
Հայերեն0
中国的0
日本人0

Professor Dr. David L. Phillips

Professor Dr. David L. Phillips
David L. Phillips is currently Director of the Program on Peace-building and Rights at Columbia University’s Institute for the Study of Human Rights. Phillips has worked as a senior adviser to the United Nations Secretariat and as a foreign affairs expert and senior adviser to the U.S. Department of State. He has held positions as a visiting scholar at Harvard University’s Center for Middle East Studies, executive director of Columbia University’s International Conflict Resolution Program, director of the Program on Conflict Prevention and Peace-building at the American University, Associate Professor at New York University’s Department of Politics, and as a professor at the Diplomatic Academy of Vienna. He has also been a senior fellow and deputy director of the Council on Foreign Relations’ Center for Preventive Action, senior fellow at the Atlantic Council of the United States, senior fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, director of the European Centre for Common Ground, project director at the International Peace Research Institute of Oslo, president of the Congressional Human Rights Foundation, and executive director of the Elie Wiesel Foundation. Mr. Phillips is author of From Bullets to Ballots: Violent Muslim Movements in Transition (Transaction Press, 2008), Losing Iraq: Inside the Postwar Reconstruction Fiasco (Perseus Books, 2005), Unsilencing the Past: Track Two Diplomacy and Turkish-Armenian Reconciliation (Berghahn Books, 2005). He has also authored many policy reports, as well as more than 100 articles in leading publications such as the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Financial Times, International Herald Tribune, and Foreign Affairs. In an interview he answered our questions as the following:

Gulan: First of all, we want to start with a general question about your assessment or evaluation of the Mr. Bidens administration policy towards this region.

Professor Dr. David L. Phillips: The Biden administration is still engaged in the region. But its engagement is taking a different form. It doesn't want to use military assets. He wants to work in partnership, emphasizing soft power defined by American values and culture and economy with lesser emphasis on our military might.

Gulan: Mr. Professor in your opinion how, to what extent this policy has been effective and successful in achieving its stated goals?

Professor Dr. David L. Phillips: So, the stated goal is the promotion of peace and stability and democratic systems of government that can preserve progress. Clearly, in Afghanistan, the US made some serious mistakes. Our initial mission was to deny al Qaeda a sanctuary. This was achieved soon after the attacks on September 11. We then experienced mission creep, focusing on nation building. And over 20 years, the US spent 2 trillion, trying to build a democracy in Afghanistan. This mission was doomed from the beginning. Afghanistan has never been a democracy, and it's not likely to be a democracy anytime soon. We should have been more narrowly focused on our strategic objective, to deny Al Qaeda a safe haven. We could have then declared victory after Osama bin Laden was eliminated and withdrawn forces. Unfortunately, the Bush administration put us on a path towards nation building, which was folly from the beginning.

Gulan: So, in your opinion, this administration is going to abandon the mission of nation building and democracy promotion altogether?

Professor Dr. David L. Phillips: No, I don't think it will. The US will still be a force for good, helping countries develop their systems of government and promote human rights. We just are now reluctant to use military assets to advance those goals. So, the US is going to have to find some new balance between a credible threat of force to achieve diplomatic goals and a kind of passive approach where the military is not involved. A balance still hasn't been determined. It's a work in progress.

Gulan: So, don't you believe or don't you expect that this administration, unlike the previous one, Mr. Trump's administration will rely heavily on economic and financial sanctions, what's called economic statecraft for achieving its foreign policy goals?

Professor Dr. David L. Phillips: Yes, economic statecraft will be a primary tool of the United States. The US will continue to have a robust engagement in world affairs. But the tool that it uses will evolve. We've learned lessons from Afghanistan that we need to apply to other places in the world

Gulan: With regard to this region, specifically Iraq, how do you characterize the situation? How do you see the current situation in this country, especially with regard to the relations with the USA after the negotiations to end the combative man mission in this country?

Professor Dr. David L. Phillips: The US has a strategic objective to counter Iranian influence. Since Iraq is a test of Iranian influence, versus the influence of the United States, I expect that the US is going to stay involved in Iraq to make sure that Iraq doesn't become a colony of Iran or a proxy for the Iranian foreign policy.

Gulan: can we say that the US Iraqi policy will be held hostage to the US aim to revive the nuclear deal?

Professor Dr. David L. Phillips: I think US policy will be based on objectives that address Iraq's needs first and foremost, and how to end violent conflict and stabilize the country by promoting sectarian relations that are harmonious and aligned with priorities of the United States. As long as Iran continues to make mischief, the US is going to keep an eye on Iranian activities. Iran can't be trusted in the region, and especially not in Iraq

Gulan: so, don't see any prospects for the achievement of any tremendous progress or breakthrough with regard to the nuclear deal negotiations with Iran?

Professor Dr. David L. Phillips: We hope to see a breakthrough, but there's no indication to suggest a breakthrough is imminent. The US needs to keep the pressure on Iran, working with the international community, so as Iran doesn't get a free ride, and it doesn't continue meddling in Iraq’s internal affairs. The US will push back to make sure that Iranians nefarious influence in the region is controlled.

Gulan: And do you see any prospects for sustained, strategic US Iraq partnership after the joint statement on the US Iraqi strategic dialogue?

Professor Dr. David L. Phillips: It's good to have a strategic dialogue. It's also good to end combat operations. Cooperation is always evolving. And the nature of US-Iraq cooperation will be calibrated to conditions on-the-groundin Iraq. I don't expect the US to disengage or withdraw from Iraq. We have important strategic and security interests that are served through the US position there. But we must take note of the new approach by the Biden administration. It doesn't want to be involved in endless wars, and it doesn't want to use the military unless it's absolutely necessary. The current level of US forces in Iraq is consistent with Iraq's needs and US interests. Those force levels should be maintained.

Gulan: But, as you know, Iraq struggling with enormous challenges and difficulties. And some say that these challenges and crisis calls into question the viability or even survivability of this country. So how do you describe the Iraqi state, do you you describe as a failed, fragile, fragmented or dysfunctional one?

Professor Dr. David L. Phillips: The Iraqi state is fragile and subject to external influence. The US and Iraqi partners need to work together to strengthen institutions and to promote democracy and human rights, which would serve the interests of both Iraq and the US.

Gulan: Right now, Iraq is approaching holding up upcoming elections, parliamentary elections. So, what's your perspective about the prospects for achieving progress and forming a new effective government in Iraq?

Professor Dr. David L. Phillips: I don't want to speculate on the outcome of elections. A new government needs to be inclusive, and it needs to function effectively. Previous Iraqi governments haven't been efficient in managing the country's affairs. It's time for Iraqis to step up, find ways of working together, and thereby send a signal that Iraq is ready for business.

Gulan: And how do you assess the Kurdish participation in the in these elections?

Professor Dr. David L. Phillips: The Kurds should participate in the elections; they should also strengthen their local government. If Iraq falls apart, we don't want the Kurds to be blamed. The Kurds can pursue cooperation with Baghdad, but not to the exclusion of Kurdish national interests.

Gulan: And what about your recommendation for especially for the KDP to pursue with Iraq? Do you believe that a real partnership and consensus will be reached with Iraq?

Professor Dr. David L. Phillips: So, the goal is not full partnership. The goal is the cooperation and social harmony. Iraqi Kurdistan should adjust its approach to Baghdad based on Kurdistan's interest and the level of US support to achieve those interest.

Gulan: don't you expect that by scaling back of US military engagement with Iraq, and in the Middle East generally, the radical and violent and also terrorist organizations will be regrouped?

Professor Dr. David L. Phillips: I don't think the US should scale back its forces. It can change the mission to counterterrorism. But without the US engaged in Iraq, the country will be increasingly fragile and risks becoming a satellite for Iran. Us interest is served through close cooperation with Kurdistan Regional Government. We should pursue cooperation with the KRG as well as with Baghdad. But if Baghdad proves to be an unreliable partner, or a satellite of Iran, we should shift our emphasis to Kurdistan and work more closely with the KRG to stabilize northern Iraq.

Gulan: what is your opinion about what's called a popular mobilization forces and Iranian backed militia, which they launch frequent attacks as we have seen the recent days on Erbil airport and on the US Embassy in Baghdad, and other diplomatic and military sites So how the Iraqi Government the Kurds should deal with this situation?

Professor Dr. David L. Phillips: The PMS are operating at the behest of Iran. Iraqi forces should counter their attacks and protect US assets in the country. The US doesn't have to do that alone. It's the responsibility of the Government of Iraq. It's time for Iraq to fulfill its responsibility.

Gulan: Our last question about your expectations for the future of Iraq in terms of best-case and worst-case scenario?

Professor Dr. David L. Phillips: If Iraq remains unstable and begins to fragment, the US should manage the deconstruction of Iraq, to preserve its interest in Iraqi Kurdistan and maintain close security and economic cooperation with the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.

Gulan: Do you believe that because the Kurds in general are still reliable partners, especially you have written a book in 2018 in this regard, “The Great Betrayal: How America Abandoned the Kurds and Lost the Middle East”?

Professor Dr. David L. Phillips: The US has no friends in Iraq except the Iraqi Kurds. And the Kurds have no friends in Iraq except the Americans. So, we need to find some common ground and develop it further. The interests of both the Kurdistan Region of Iraq and the US are served through cooperation, which advances mutual benefit.[1]
This item has been viewed 900 times
HashTag
Sources
[1] Website | کوردیی ناوەڕاست | www.gulanmedia.com
Linked items: 1
Dates & Events
Group: Articles
Articles language: English
Publication date: 21-09-2021 (3 Year)
Content category: Kurdish Issue
Content category: Politic
Content category: Articles & Interviews
Document Type: Original language
Language - Dialect: English
Publication Type: Born-digital
Technical Metadata
Item Quality: 99%
99%
Added by ( Hazhar Kamala ) on 15-07-2022
This article has been reviewed and released by ( Aras Eilnjaghi ) on 15-07-2022
This item recently updated by ( Aras Eilnjaghi ) on: 15-07-2022
URL
This item according to Kurdipedia's Standards is not finalized yet!
This item has been viewed 900 times
Attached files - Version
Type Version Editor Name
Photo file 1.0.115 KB 15-07-2022 Hazhar KamalaH.K.
Kurdipedia is the largest multilingual sources for Kurdish information!
Archaeological places
Cendera Bridge
Library
Imperialism and Empire in Iraq: Britain’s Informal Colony
Biography
Havin Al-Sindy
Articles
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE BRITISH PROTECTORATE IN NORTHERN MESOPOTAMIA DURING THE END OF WORLD WAR I /THE GREAT WAR
Articles
Western Wall
Biography
HIWA SALAM KHLID
Image and Description
Kurdish Jews from Mahabad (Saujbulak), Kurdistan, 1910
Biography
Bibi Maryam Bakhtiari
Biography
Jasmin Moghbeli
Biography
Nurcan Baysal
Articles
The Kurds and World War II: Some Considerations for a Social History Perspective
Archaeological places
Shemzinan Bridge
Archaeological places
Hassoun Caves
Library
Creation and Collapse: The British Indian Empire in Mesopotamia Before and After World War I
Biography
KHAIRY ADAM
Biography
Shilan Fuad Hussain
Articles
Mardukhi Calendar
Archaeological places
The tomb of the historian Marduk Kurdistani
Library
The forty thieves: Churchill, the Cairo Conference, and the policy debate over strategies of colonial control in British mandato
Image and Description
A Kurdish army in Istanbul to participate in the Battle of the Dardanelles in 1918
Biography
Abdullah Zeydan
Image and Description
AN EXAMPLE OF BAATHS SOCIALISM AND DEMOCRACY IN KURDISTAN OF IRAQ
Image and Description
The Kurdish Quarter, which is located at the bottom of Mount Canaan in Safed, Palestine in 1946
Image and Description
Yezidi boys 1912
Articles
Shadala
Biography
Ayub Nuri
Biography
Antonio Negri
Library
The Poetics of Revolution: Cultures, Practices, and Politics of Anti-Colonialism in Iraq, 1932-1960
Archaeological places
Mosque (Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi) in the city of Faraqin
Library
BRITISH COLONIALISM AND KURDS IN IRAQ: A POSTCOLONIAL DISCOURSE THROUGH TEXTUAL REPRESENTATIONS (1914-1958)

Actual
Library
Resolution of Turkey’s Kurdish Question A Process in Crisis
14-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Resolution of Turkey’s Kurdish Question A Process in Crisis
Library
IRAQ BETWEEN TWO OCCUPATIONS OBSERvATIONS ON IRAQ ANd ThE Great Powers (1933–2003)
14-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
IRAQ BETWEEN TWO OCCUPATIONS OBSERvATIONS ON IRAQ ANd ThE Great Powers (1933–2003)
Library
RETHINKING STATE AND BORDER FORMATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST
15-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
RETHINKING STATE AND BORDER FORMATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST
Library
The Grand Strategy of Gertrude Bell: From the Arab Bureau to the Creation of Iraq
16-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
The Grand Strategy of Gertrude Bell: From the Arab Bureau to the Creation of Iraq
Library
America’s role in nation-building : from Germany to Iraq
17-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
America’s role in nation-building : from Germany to Iraq
New Item
Library
Creation and Collapse: The British Indian Empire in Mesopotamia Before and After World War I
18-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Library
The forty thieves: Churchill, the Cairo Conference, and the policy debate over strategies of colonial control in British mandato
18-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Library
BRITISH COLONIALISM AND KURDS IN IRAQ: A POSTCOLONIAL DISCOURSE THROUGH TEXTUAL REPRESENTATIONS (1914-1958)
18-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Library
Imperialism and Empire in Iraq: Britain’s Informal Colony
18-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Library
The Poetics of Revolution: Cultures, Practices, and Politics of Anti-Colonialism in Iraq, 1932-1960
17-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Library
A Cynical Enterprise: US-Iraq Relations, Oil, and the Struggle for the Persian Gulf
17-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Library
The Baghdad Pact Anglo-American defence policies in the Middle East, 1950–1959
17-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Library
America’s role in nation-building : from Germany to Iraq
17-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Library
America’s Search for Control in Iraq in the Early Cold War, 1953-1961
17-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Library
U.S. Relations with Iraq From the Mandate to Operation Iraqi Freedom
17-04-2024
Hazhar Kamala
Statistics
Articles 516,812
Images 105,280
Books 19,092
Related files 95,778
Video 1,283
Kurdipedia is the largest multilingual sources for Kurdish information!
Archaeological places
Cendera Bridge
Library
Imperialism and Empire in Iraq: Britain’s Informal Colony
Biography
Havin Al-Sindy
Articles
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE BRITISH PROTECTORATE IN NORTHERN MESOPOTAMIA DURING THE END OF WORLD WAR I /THE GREAT WAR
Articles
Western Wall
Biography
HIWA SALAM KHLID
Image and Description
Kurdish Jews from Mahabad (Saujbulak), Kurdistan, 1910
Biography
Bibi Maryam Bakhtiari
Biography
Jasmin Moghbeli
Biography
Nurcan Baysal
Articles
The Kurds and World War II: Some Considerations for a Social History Perspective
Archaeological places
Shemzinan Bridge
Archaeological places
Hassoun Caves
Library
Creation and Collapse: The British Indian Empire in Mesopotamia Before and After World War I
Biography
KHAIRY ADAM
Biography
Shilan Fuad Hussain
Articles
Mardukhi Calendar
Archaeological places
The tomb of the historian Marduk Kurdistani
Library
The forty thieves: Churchill, the Cairo Conference, and the policy debate over strategies of colonial control in British mandato
Image and Description
A Kurdish army in Istanbul to participate in the Battle of the Dardanelles in 1918
Biography
Abdullah Zeydan
Image and Description
AN EXAMPLE OF BAATHS SOCIALISM AND DEMOCRACY IN KURDISTAN OF IRAQ
Image and Description
The Kurdish Quarter, which is located at the bottom of Mount Canaan in Safed, Palestine in 1946
Image and Description
Yezidi boys 1912
Articles
Shadala
Biography
Ayub Nuri
Biography
Antonio Negri
Library
The Poetics of Revolution: Cultures, Practices, and Politics of Anti-Colonialism in Iraq, 1932-1960
Archaeological places
Mosque (Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi) in the city of Faraqin
Library
BRITISH COLONIALISM AND KURDS IN IRAQ: A POSTCOLONIAL DISCOURSE THROUGH TEXTUAL REPRESENTATIONS (1914-1958)

Kurdipedia.org (2008 - 2024) version: 15.42
| Contact | CSS3 | HTML5

| Page generation time: 0.937 second(s)!