Musa Anter, also known by nickname "Ape Musa" (Kurdish: Apê Musa, literally "Uncle Musa"), (1920, Nusaybin—September 20, 1992, Diyarbakır), was a dissident Kurdish-Turkish writer and activist.He was a nationalist intellectual and murdered in September 1992.
He was born in the Eskimağara (in Kurdish:Ziving) village (Nusaybin District of the Mardin Province). He completed his primary education in Mardin, and then studied at junior and senior high school in Adana. When he was a student, he had been to Syria during his summer holidays and got acquaintance with Kurdish nationalist intellectuals such as Celadet and Kamuran Bedir Khan, Kadri and Ekrem Cemilpaşa, Dr. Nafiz, Nuri Zaza, Nuri Dersimi, Qedrîcan, Osman Sabri, Haco Agha and his son Hasan, Emînê Perîxanê's son Şikriye Emîn, Mala Elyê Unus, Teufo Ciziri and Cigerxwîn.
Abdülkadir Aygan, who was PKK militant and surrendered in 1985, then recruited as part of the first staff of JİTEM (the Turkish Gendarmerie's Intelligence and Counter-terrorism Service), said he had been part of a JİTEM unit, along with a "Hamit" from Şırnak, which had assassinated Musa Anter.
Other sources claim that the perpetrators were PKK defectors Murat Ipek, on orders from Mahmut Yıldırım (alias "Yeşil"), or Yeşil himself.
Turkey was found guilty of this murder in 2006 by the European Court of Human Rights (EHCR), who sentenced Turkey to a fine of 28,500 euros